See up to 5 Types of Whales from 4 Departure Locations!
Watching transients is National Geographic unplugged.
Transient orcas are becoming a more common sight in our waters due to an increase in their prey – harbor seals, California and Steller sea lions, and harbor porpoise. These stealthy hunters work cooperatively in their family pod to take down their prey. Watching transient orcas hunt is very exciting, especially when you have an opportunity to see this top predator intricately coordinate an attack.
Transient orcas can turn a PG whale watching experience to PG-13 with the slap of a tail.
Transient, or Bigg's killer whales, have become more prevalent in recent years. They eat marine mammals: seals, sea lions, porpoise, dolphins – even other whales!
Transients travel in small groups (typically two to five animals) which usually include just their immediate family. When more than one immediate family comes together, it’s called a superpod! Transient orcas are known as stealthy hunters. They aren’t very vocal and tend to be less surface active so their prey doesn’t know their whereabouts.
Orcas (both resident and transient) utilize echolocation, which is similar to sonar used in bat species, for “seeing” under the water. “Sound Pictures” are formed when the nasal passage of the orca produces a high-frequency, extremely fast series of clicks that are projected out from the melon and sent out into their environment. The sound vibrations that bounce back from objects are returned to the lower jaw which is then directed to the inner ear where an acoustical image is created. Orcas are able to perceive distance, speed, shape, texture, and composition from these images which help them navigate and search for prey. It is so finite that they’re able to detect fishing line from 100 meters away!
The early 1970s, Dr.Michael Bigg, a scientist with the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans, began studying the orcas of the region, mainly to determine the population and its dynamics in light of orcas being captured for captivity. He developed a technique using photographs to ID individual whales. Currently, the Center for whale research conducts an annual census of the southern resident orcas. Located just behind the dorsal fin on each side of the whale is a white pigmented area called a saddle patch. The saddle patch is like a fingerprint. Unique encroachments of black and sometime scars within the patch make each one distinctive. Characteristics of the dorsal fin itself – such as scars, nicks and overall shape – are also helpful in identifying individual whales.
Each day and every experience is completely unique and unpredictable! The beauty of seeing these magnificent orcas in the wild is that they are doing what they want and what they need to be doing in order to survive. These are just a few of the many behaviors that orcas do throughout their day.
Breaching is an acrobatic display that seems contagious. In order to propel their bodies (up to 11 tons) out of the water they have to reach speeds up to 23 mph! There are many thoughts to why orcas breach. Along with just being fun, researchers think breaching might help slough dead skin or maybe take care of an itch. Or, maybe the orcas just want to feel the effect of gravity. It may also serve as communication through body language or could be an effective way to move prey.
A spy hop is just the orcas’ way of checking out what is going on at the surface! Raising their rostrum up through the water, at times past their pectoral flippers, allows an elevated look at the world above the water. This is one of the rare times that a whale engages in human watching!
Even orcas need sleep! When sleeping, members of the pod rest in one close grouping known as logging. The orcas move as if they are synchronized swimming while taking short, shallow dives. Because they are cognitive breathers, half of their brain remains awake while the other half sleeps. This “sleep swimming” activity typically lasts two to six hours and can take place day or night.
Learn more about the area’s wildlife and scenery.
The waters surrounding our four departure locations offer some of the most diverse whale and wildlife viewing on the west coast. Onboard each of our tours, an experienced naturalist helps identify all of the whales, wildlife, and
rich history that this area holds
$30 for 30
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Adults save $20 when you book 30+ days in advance and an additional $10 with military ID, AAA, AARP, seniors 65+, or college student ID. This deal cannot be combined with promotion codes or other discounts.
Save $20 for booking 30+ days in advance + Save $10 with adult discount = $30 Savings